发布于 2018-03-21 20:26:19 | 49 次阅读 | 评论: 0 | 来源: 网友投递

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Spring Boot

Spring Boot 项目旨在简化创建产品级的 Spring 应用和服务。你可通过它来选择不同的 Spring 平台。可创建独立的 Java 应用和 Web 应用,同时提供了命令行工具来允许 'spring scripts'.


如何使用jpa进行多条件查询以及查询列表分页呢?下面我将介绍两种多条件查询方式。具体实例代码大家参考下本文吧

在我们平时的工作中,查询列表在我们的系统中基本随处可见,那么我们如何使用jpa进行多条件查询以及查询列表分页呢?下面我将介绍两种多条件查询方式。

1、引入起步依赖  


<dependency> 
 <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> 
 <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId> 
</dependency> 
<dependency> 
 <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> 
 <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId> 
</dependency> 
<dependency> 
 <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> 
 <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId> 
</dependency> 

2、对thymeleaf和jpa进行配置

打开application.yml,添加以下参数,以下配置在之前的文章中介绍过,此处不做过多说明


spring: 
 thymeleaf: 
 cache: true 
 check-template-location: true 
 content-type: text/html 
 enabled: true 
 encoding: utf-8 
 mode: HTML5 
 prefix: classpath:/templates/ 
 suffix: .html 
 excluded-view-names: 
 template-resolver-order: 
 datasource: 
  driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver 
  url: jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/restful?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&useSSL=false 
  username: root 
  password: root 
  initialize: true 
 init-db: true 
 jpa: 
  database: mysql 
  show-sql: true 
  hibernate: 
  ddl-auto: update 
  naming: 
   strategy: org.hibernate.cfg.ImprovedNamingStrategy 

3、编写实体Bean


@Entity 
@Table(name="book") 
public class Book { 
 @Id 
 @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY) 
 @Column(name = "id", updatable = false) 
 private Long id; 
 @Column(nullable = false,name = "name") 
 private String name; 
 @Column(nullable = false,name = "isbn") 
 private String isbn; 
 @Column(nullable = false,name = "author") 
 private String author; 
 public Book (String name,String isbn,String author){ 
  this.name = name; 
  this.isbn = isbn; 
  this.author = author; 
 } 
 public Book(){ 
 } 
 //此处省去get、set方法 
} 
public class BookQuery { 
 private String name; 
 private String isbn; 
 private String author; 
 //此处省去get、set方法 
} 

4、编写Repository接口


@Repository("bookRepository") 
public interface BookRepository extends JpaRepository<Book,Long> 
  ,JpaSpecificationExecutor<Book> { 
} 

此处继承了两个接口,后续会介绍为何会继承这两个接口

5、抽象service层

首先抽象出接口


public interface BookQueryService { 
 Page<Book> findBookNoCriteria(Integer page,Integer size); 
 Page<Book> findBookCriteria(Integer page,Integer size,BookQuery bookQuery); 
} 

实现接口


@Service(value="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/bookQueryService") 
public class BookQueryServiceImpl implements BookQueryService { 
 @Resource 
 BookRepository bookRepository; 
 @Override 
 public Page<Book> findBookNoCriteria(Integer page,Integer size) { 
  Pageable pageable = new PageRequest(page, size, Sort.Direction.ASC, "id"); 
  return bookRepository.findAll(pageable); 
 } 
 @Override 
 public Page<Book> findBookCriteria(Integer page, Integer size, final BookQuery bookQuery) { 
  Pageable pageable = new PageRequest(page, size, Sort.Direction.ASC, "id"); 
  Page<Book> bookPage = bookRepository.findAll(new Specification<Book>(){ 
   @Override 
   public Predicate toPredicate(Root<Book> root, CriteriaQuery<?> query, CriteriaBuilder criteriaBuilder) { 
    List<Predicate> list = new ArrayList<Predicate>(); 
    if(null!=bookQuery.getName()&&!"".equals(bookQuery.getName())){ 
     list.add(criteriaBuilder.equal(root.get("name").as(String.class), bookQuery.getName())); 
    } 
    if(null!=bookQuery.getIsbn()&&!"".equals(bookQuery.getIsbn())){ 
     list.add(criteriaBuilder.equal(root.get("isbn").as(String.class), bookQuery.getIsbn())); 
    } 
    if(null!=bookQuery.getAuthor()&&!"".equals(bookQuery.getAuthor())){ 
     list.add(criteriaBuilder.equal(root.get("author").as(String.class), bookQuery.getAuthor())); 
    } 
    Predicate[] p = new Predicate[list.size()]; 
    return criteriaBuilder.and(list.toArray(p)); 
   } 
  },pageable); 
  return bookPage; 
 } 
} 

    此处我定义了两个接口,findBookNoCriteria是不带查询条件的,findBookCriteria是带查询条件的。在此处介绍一下上面提到的自定义Repository继承的两个接口,如果你的查询列表是没有查询条件,只是列表展示和分页,只需继承JpaRepository接口即可,但是如果你的查询列表是带有多个查询条件的话则需要继承JpaSpecificationExecutor接口,这个接口里面定义的多条件查询的方法。当然不管继承哪个接口,当你做分页查询时,都是需要调用findAll方法的,这个方法是jap定义好的分页查询方法。

findBookCriteria方法也可以使用以下方法实现,大家可以自行选择


@Override 
 public Page<Book> findBookCriteria(Integer page, Integer size, final BookQuery bookQuery) { 
  Pageable pageable = new PageRequest(page, size, Sort.Direction.ASC, "id"); 
  Page<Book> bookPage = bookRepository.findAll(new Specification<Book>(){ 
   @Override 
   public Predicate toPredicate(Root<Book> root, CriteriaQuery<?> query, CriteriaBuilder criteriaBuilder) { 
    Predicate p1 = criteriaBuilder.equal(root.get("name").as(String.class), bookQuery.getName()); 
    Predicate p2 = criteriaBuilder.equal(root.get("isbn").as(String.class), bookQuery.getIsbn()); 
    Predicate p3 = criteriaBuilder.equal(root.get("author").as(String.class), bookQuery.getAuthor()); 
    query.where(criteriaBuilder.and(p1,p2,p3)); 
    return query.getRestriction(); 
   } 
  },pageable); 
  return bookPage; 
 } 

6、编写Controller

针对有查询条件和无查询条件,我们分别编写一个Controller,默认每页显示5条,如下


@Controller 
@RequestMapping(value = "https://my.oschina.net/queryBook") 
public class BookController { 
 @Autowired 
 BookQueryService bookQueryService; 
 @RequestMapping("/findBookNoQuery") 
 public String findBookNoQuery(ModelMap modelMap,@RequestParam(value = "https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/page", defaultValue = "https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/0") Integer page, 
      @RequestParam(value = "https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/size", defaultValue = "https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/5") Integer size){ 
  Page<Book> datas = bookQueryService.findBookNoCriteria(page, size); 
  modelMap.addAttribute("datas", datas); 
  return "index1"; 
 } 
 @RequestMapping(value = "https://my.oschina.net/findBookQuery",method = {RequestMethod.GET,RequestMethod.POST}) 
 public String findBookQuery(ModelMap modelMap, @RequestParam(value = "https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/page", defaultValue = "https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/0") Integer page, 
        @RequestParam(value = "https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/size", defaultValue = "https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/5") Integer size, BookQuery bookQuery){ 
  Page<Book> datas = bookQueryService.findBookCriteria(page, size,bookQuery); 
  modelMap.addAttribute("datas", datas); 
  return "index2"; 
 } 
} 

7、编写页面

首先我们编写一个通用的分页页面,新建一个叫page.html的页面


<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" 
  xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org" 
  xmlns:layout="http://www.ultraq.net.nz/thymeleaf/layout" 
  layout:decorator="page"> 
<body> 
<div th:fragment="pager"> 
 <div class="text-right" th:with="baseUrl=${#httpServletRequest.getRequestURL().toString()},pars=${#httpServletRequest.getQueryString() eq null ? '' : new String(#httpServletRequest.getQueryString().getBytes('iso8859-1'), 'UTF-8')}"> 
  <ul style="margin:0px;" class="pagination" th:with="newPar=${new Java.lang.String(pars eq null ? '' : pars).replace('page='+(datas.number), '')}, 
            curTmpUrl=${baseUrl+'?'+newPar}, 
            curUrl=${curTmpUrl.endsWith('&') ? curTmpUrl.substring(0, curTmpUrl.length()-1):curTmpUrl}" > 
   <!--<li th:text="${pars}"></li>--> 
   <li><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{${curUrl}(page=0)}" rel="external nofollow" >首页</a></li> 
   <li th:if="${datas.hasPrevious()}"><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{${curUrl}(page=${datas.number-1})}" rel="external nofollow" >上一页</a></li> 
   <!--总页数小于等于10--> 
   <div th:if="${(datas.totalPages le 10) and (datas.totalPages gt 0)}" th:remove="tag"> 
    <div th:each="pg : ${#numbers.sequence(0, datas.totalPages - 1)}" th:remove="tag"> 
      <span th:if="${pg eq datas.getNumber()}" th:remove="tag"> 
       <li class="active"><span class="current_page line_height" th:text="${pg+1}">${pageNumber}</span></li> 
      </span> 
     <span th:unless="${pg eq datas.getNumber()}" th:remove="tag"> 
       <li><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{${curUrl}(page=${pg})}" rel="external nofollow" th:text="${pg+1}"></a></li> 
      </span> 
    </div> 
   </div> 
   <!-- 总数数大于10时 --> 
   <div th:if="${datas.totalPages gt 10}" th:remove="tag"> 
    <li th:if="${datas.number-2 ge 0}"><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{${curUrl}(page=${datas.number}-2)}" rel="external nofollow" th:text="${datas.number-1}"></a></li> 
    <li th:if="${datas.number-1 ge 0}"><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{${curUrl}(page=${datas.number}-1)}" rel="external nofollow" th:text="${datas.number}"></a></li> 
    <li class="active"><span class="current_page line_height" th:text="${datas.number+1}"></span></li> 
    <li th:if="${datas.number+1 lt datas.totalPages}"><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{${curUrl}(page=${datas.number}+1)}" rel="external nofollow" th:text="${datas.number+2}"></a></li> 
    <li th:if="${datas.number+2 lt datas.totalPages}"><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{${curUrl}(page=${datas.number}+2)}" rel="external nofollow" th:text="${datas.number+3}"></a></li> 
   </div> 
   <li th:if="${datas.hasNext()}"><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{${curUrl}(page=${datas.number+1})}" rel="external nofollow" >下一页</a></li> 
   <!--<li><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{${curUrl}(page=${datas.totalPages-1})}" rel="external nofollow" >尾页</a></li>--> 
   <li><a href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/${datas.totalPages le 0 ? curUrl+'page=0':curUrl+'&page='+(datas.totalPages-1)}" rel="external nofollow" >尾页</a></li> 
   <li><span th:utext="'共'+${datas.totalPages}+'页 / '+${datas.totalElements}+' 条'"></span></li> 
  </ul> 
 </div> 
</div> 
</body> 
</html> 

针对无查询条件的接口,创建一个名为index1.html的页面并引入之前写好的分页页面,如下


<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html lang="en" xmlns:th="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> 
<head> 
 <meta charset="UTF-8"/> 
 <title>Title</title> 
 <script type="text/javascript" th:src="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{/jquery-1.12.3.min.js}"></script> 
 <script type="text/javascript" th:src="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{/bootstrap/js/bootstrap.min.js}"></script> 
 <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{/bootstrap/css/bootstrap-theme.min.css}" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" /> 
 <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{/bootstrap/css/bootstrap.css}" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" /> 
</head> 
<body> 
 <table class="table table-hover"> 
  <thead> 
  <tr> 
   <th>ID</th> 
   <th>name</th> 
   <th>isbn</th> 
   <th>author</th> 
  </tr> 
  </thead> 
  <tbody> 
  <tr th:each="obj : ${datas}"> 
   <td th:text="${obj.id}">${obj.id}</td> 
   <td th:text="${obj.name}">${obj.name}</td> 
   <td th:text="${obj.isbn}">${obj.isbn}</td> 
   <td th:text="${obj.name}">${obj.author}</td> 
  </tr> 
  </tbody> 
 </table> 
  <div th:include="page :: pager" th:remove="tag"></div> 
</body> 
</html> 

     针对有查询条件的接口,创建一个名为index2.html的页面并引入之前写好的分页页面,如下  


<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html lang="en" xmlns:th="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> 
<head> 
 <meta charset="UTF-8"/> 
 <title>Title</title> 
 <script type="text/javascript" th:src="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{/jquery-1.12.3.min.js}"></script> 
 <script type="text/javascript" th:src="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{/bootstrap/js/bootstrap.min.js}"></script> 
 <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{/bootstrap/css/bootstrap-theme.min.css}" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" /> 
 <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" th:href="https://my.oschina.net/wangxincj/blog/@{/bootstrap/css/bootstrap.css}" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" /> 
</head> 
<body> 
<form th:action="@{/queryBook/findBookQuery}" th:object="${bookQuery}" th:method="get"> 
 <div class="form-group"> 
  <label class="col-sm-2 control-label" >name</label> 
  <div class="col-sm-4"> 
   <input type="text" class="form-control" id="name" placeholder="请输入名称" th:field="*{name}"/> 
  </div> 
  <label class="col-sm-2 control-label">isbn</label> 
  <div class="col-sm-4"> 
   <input type="text" class="form-control" id="isbn" placeholder="请输ISBN" th:field="*{isbn}"/> 
  </div> 
 </div> 
 <div class="form-group"> 
  <label class="col-sm-2 control-label" >author</label> 
  <div class="col-sm-4"> 
   <input type="text" class="form-control" id="author" placeholder="请输author" th:field="*{author}"/> 
  </div> 
  <div class="col-sm-4"> 
   <button class="btn btn-default" type="submit" placeholder="查询">查询</button> 
  </div> 
 </div> 
</form> 
 <table class="table table-hover"> 
  <thead> 
  <tr> 
   <th>ID</th> 
   <th>name</th> 
   <th>isbn</th> 
   <th>author</th> 
  </tr> 
  </thead> 
  <tbody> 
  <tr th:each="obj : ${datas}"> 
   <td th:text="${obj.id}">${obj.id}</td> 
   <td th:text="${obj.name}">${obj.name}</td> 
   <td th:text="${obj.isbn}">${obj.isbn}</td> 
   <td th:text="${obj.name}">${obj.author}</td> 
  </tr> 
  </tbody> 
 </table> 
  <div th:include="page :: pager" th:remove="tag"></div> 
</body> 
</html> 

ok!代码都已经完成,我们将项目启动起来,看一下效果。大家可以往数据库中批量插入一些数据,访问

http://localhost:8080/queryBook/findBookNoQuery,显示如下页面

访问http://localhost:8080/queryBook/findBookQuery,显示页面如下,可以输入查询条件进行带条件的分页查询:

总结

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的在Spring Boot中使用Spring-data-jpa实现分页查询,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的。在此也非常感谢大家对PHPERZ网站的支持!



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