发布于 2017-10-21 09:23:24 | 93 次阅读 | 评论: 0 | 来源: 网友投递

这里有新鲜出炉的Python入门,程序狗速度看过来!

Python编程语言

Python 是一种面向对象、解释型计算机程序设计语言,由Guido van Rossum于1989年底发明,第一个公开发行版发行于1991年。Python语法简洁而清晰,具有丰富和强大的类库。它常被昵称为胶水语言,它能够把用其他语言制作的各种模块(尤其是C/C++)很轻松地联结在一起。


这篇文章主要介绍了使用Python写一个贪吃蛇游戏实例代码,非常不错,具有参考借鉴价值,需要的朋友参考下吧

我在程序中加入了分数显示,三种特殊食物,将贪吃蛇的游戏逻辑写到了SnakeGame的类中,而不是在Snake类中。

特殊食物:

1.绿色:普通,吃了增加体型

2.红色:吃了减少体型

3.金色:吃了回到最初体型

4.变色食物:吃了会根据食物颜色改变蛇的颜色


#coding=UTF-8
from Tkinter import *
from random import randint
import tkMessageBox
class Grid(object):
  def __init__(self, master=None,height=16, width=24, offset=10, grid_width=50, bg="#808080"):
    self.height = height
    self.width = width
    self.offset = offset
    self.grid_width = grid_width
    self.bg = bg
    self.canvas = Canvas(master, width=self.width*self.grid_width+2*self.offset, height=self.height*self.grid_width+
                                              2*self.offset, bg=self.bg)
    self.canvas.pack(side=RIGHT, fill=Y)
  def draw(self, pos, color, ):
    x = pos[0] * self.grid_width + self.offset
    y = pos[1] * self.grid_width + self.offset
    #outline属性要与网格的背景色(self.bg)相同,要不然会很丑
    self.canvas.create_rectangle(x, y, x + self.grid_width, y + self.grid_width, fill=color, outline=self.bg)
class Food(object):
  def __init__(self, grid, color = "#23D978"):
    self.grid = grid
    self.color = color
    self.set_pos()
    self.type = 1
  def set_pos(self):
    x = randint(0, self.grid.width - 1)
    y = randint(0, self.grid.height - 1)
    self.pos = (x, y)
  def display(self):
    self.grid.draw(self.pos, self.color)
class Snake(object):
  def __init__(self, grid, color = "#000000"):
    self.grid = grid
    self.color = color
    self.body = [(8, 11), (8, 12), (8, 13)]
    self.direction = "Up"
    for i in self.body:
      self.grid.draw(i, self.color)
  #这个方法用于游戏重新开始时初始化贪吃蛇的位置
  def initial(self):
    while not len(self.body) == 0:
      pop = self.body.pop()
      self.grid.draw(pop, self.grid.bg)
    self.body = [(8, 11), (8, 12), (8, 13)]
    self.direction = "Up"
    self.color = "#000000"
    for i in self.body:
      self.grid.draw(i, self.color)
  #蛇像一个指定点移动
  def move(self, new):
    self.body.insert(0, new)
    pop = self.body.pop()
    self.grid.draw(pop, self.grid.bg)
    self.grid.draw(new, self.color)
  #蛇像一个指定点移动,并增加长度
  def add(self ,new):
    self.body.insert(0, new)
    self.grid.draw(new, self.color)
  #蛇吃到了特殊食物1,剪短自身的长度
  def cut_down(self,new):
    self.body.insert(0, new)
    self.grid.draw(new, self.color)
    for i in range(0,3):
      pop = self.body.pop()
      self.grid.draw(pop, self.grid.bg)
  #蛇吃到了特殊食物2,回到最初长度
  def init(self, new):
    self.body.insert(0, new)
    self.grid.draw(new, self.color)
    while len(self.body) > 3:
      pop = self.body.pop()
      self.grid.draw(pop, self.grid.bg)
   #蛇吃到了特殊食物3,改变了自身的颜色,纯属好玩
  def change(self, new, color):
    self.color = color
    self.body.insert(0, new)
    for item in self.body:
      self.grid.draw(item, self.color)
class SnakeGame(Frame):
  def __init__(self, master):
    Frame.__init__(self, master)
    self.grid = Grid(master)
    self.snake = Snake(self.grid)
    self.food = Food(self.grid)
    self.gameover = False
    self.score = 0
    self.status = ['run', 'stop']
    self.speed = 300
    self.grid.canvas.bind_all("<KeyRelease>", self.key_release)
    self.display_food()
    #用于设置变色食物
    self.color_c = ("#FFB6C1","#6A5ACD","#0000FF","#F0FFF0","#FFFFE0","#F0F8FF","#EE82EE","#000000","#5FA8D9","#32CD32")
    self.i = 0
    #界面左侧显示分数
    self.m = StringVar()
    self.ft1 = ('Fixdsys', 40, "bold")
    self.m1 = Message(master, textvariable=self.m, aspect=5000, font=self.ft1, bg="#696969")
    self.m1.pack(side=LEFT, fill=Y)
    self.m.set("Score:"+str(self.score))
  #这个方法用于游戏重新开始时初始化游戏
  def initial(self):
    self.gameover = False
    self.score = 0
    self.m.set("Score:"+str(self.score))
    self.snake.initial()
  #type1:普通食物 type2:减少2 type3:大乐透,回到最初状态 type4:吃了会变色
  def display_food(self):
    self.food.color = "#23D978"
    self.food.type = 1
    if randint(0, 40) == 5:
      self.food.color = "#FFD700"
      self.food.type = 3
      while (self.food.pos in self.snake.body):
        self.food.set_pos()
      self.food.display()
    elif randint(0, 4) == 2:
      self.food.color = "#EE82EE"
      self.food.type = 4
      while (self.food.pos in self.snake.body):
        self.food.set_pos()
      self.food.display()
    elif len(self.snake.body) > 10 and randint(0, 16) == 5:
      self.food.color = "#BC8F8F"
      self.food.type = 2
      while (self.food.pos in self.snake.body):
        self.food.set_pos()
      self.food.display()
    else:
      while (self.food.pos in self.snake.body):
        self.food.set_pos()
      self.food.display()
  def key_release(self, event):
    key = event.keysym
    key_dict = {"Up": "Down", "Down": "Up", "Left": "Right", "Right": "Left"}
    #蛇不可以像自己的反方向走
    if key_dict.has_key(key) and not key == key_dict[self.snake.direction]:
      self.snake.direction = key
      self.move()
    elif key == 'p':
      self.status.reverse()
  def run(self):
    #首先判断游戏是否暂停
    if not self.status[0] == 'stop':
      #判断游戏是否结束
      if self.gameover == True:
        message = tkMessageBox.showinfo("Game Over", "your score: %d" % self.score)
        if message == 'ok':
          self.initial()
      if self.food.type == 4:
        color = self.color_c[self.i]
        self.i = (self.i+1)%10
        self.food.color = color
        self.food.display()
        self.move(color)
      else:
        self.move()
    self.after(self.speed, self.run)
  def move(self, color="#EE82EE"):
    # 计算蛇下一次移动的点
    head = self.snake.body[0]
    if self.snake.direction == 'Up':
      if head[1] - 1 < 0:
        new = (head[0], 16)
      else:
        new = (head[0], head[1] - 1)
    elif self.snake.direction == 'Down':
      new = (head[0], (head[1] + 1) % 16)
    elif self.snake.direction == 'Left':
      if head[0] - 1 < 0:
        new = (24, head[1])
      else:
        new = (head[0] - 1, head[1])
    else:
      new = ((head[0] + 1) % 24, head[1])
      #撞到自己,设置游戏结束的标志位,等待下一循环
    if new in self.snake.body:
      self.gameover=True
    #吃到食物
    elif new == self.food.pos:
      if self.food.type == 1:
        self.snake.add(new)
      elif self.food.type == 2:
        self.snake.cut_down(new)
      elif self.food.type == 4:
        self.snake.change(new, color)
      else:
        self.snake.init(new)
      self.display_food()
      self.score = self.score+1
      self.m.set("Score:" + str(self.score))
    #什么都没撞到,继续前进
    else:
      self.snake.move(new)
if __name__ == '__main__':
  root = Tk()
  snakegame = SnakeGame(root)
  snakegame.run()
  snakegame.mainloop()

总结

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的使用Python写一个贪吃蛇游戏实例代码,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的。在此也非常感谢大家对PHPERZ网站的支持!



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