发布于 2014-09-25 22:33:42 | 174 次阅读 | 评论: 0 | 来源: 网友投递

这里有新鲜出炉的Python教程,程序狗速度看过来!

Python编程语言

Python 是一种面向对象、解释型计算机程序设计语言,由Guido van Rossum于1989年底发明,第一个公开发行版发行于1991年。Python语法简洁而清晰,具有丰富和强大的类库。它常被昵称为胶水语言,它能够把用其他语言制作的各种模块(尤其是C/C++)很轻松地联结在一起。


本文是一个python实现的python发送邮件的实例代码(支持html、图片、附件),感兴趣的同学参考下.

第一段代码:


#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

 

import email
import mimetypes
from email.MIMEMultipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.MIMEText import MIMEText
from email.MIMEImage import MIMEImage
import smtplib

def sendEmail(authInfo, fromAdd, toAdd, subject, plainText, htmlText):

        strFrom = fromAdd
        strTo = ', '.join(toAdd)

        server = authInfo.get('server')
        user = authInfo.get('user')
        passwd = authInfo.get('password')

        if not (server and user and passwd) :
                print 'incomplete login info, exit now'
                return

        # 设定root信息
        msgRoot = MIMEMultipart('related')
        msgRoot['Subject'] = subject
        msgRoot['From'] = strFrom
        msgRoot['To'] = strTo
        msgRoot.preamble = 'This is a multi-part message in MIME format.'

        # Encapsulate the plain and HTML versions of the message body in an
        # 'alternative' part, so message agents can decide which they want to display.
        msgAlternative = MIMEMultipart('alternative')
        msgRoot.attach(msgAlternative)

        #设定纯文本信息
        msgText = MIMEText(plainText, 'plain', 'utf-8')
        msgAlternative.attach(msgText)

        #设定HTML信息
        msgText = MIMEText(htmlText, 'html', 'utf-8')
        msgAlternative.attach(msgText)

       #设定内置图片信息
        fp = open('test.jpg', 'rb')
        msgImage = MIMEImage(fp.read())
        fp.close()
        msgImage.add_header('Content-ID', '<image1>')
        msgRoot.attach(msgImage)

       #发送邮件
        smtp = smtplib.SMTP()
       #设定调试级别,依情况而定
        smtp.set_debuglevel(1)
        smtp.connect(server)
        smtp.login(user, passwd)
        smtp.sendmail(strFrom, strTo, msgRoot.as_string())
        smtp.quit()
        return

if __name__ == '__main__' :
        authInfo = {}
        authInfo['server'] = 'smtp.somehost.com'
        authInfo['user'] = 'username'
        authInfo['password'] = 'password'
        fromAdd = 'username@somehost.com'
        toAdd = ['someone@somehost.com', 'other@somehost.com']
        subject = '邮件主题'
        plainText = '这里是普通文本'
        htmlText = '<B>HTML文本</B>'
        sendEmail(authInfo, fromAdd, toAdd, subject, plainText, htmlText)

 



文件形式的邮件

 


#!/usr/bin/env python3  
#coding: utf-8  
import smtplib  
from email.mime.text import MIMEText  
from email.header import Header  

sender = '***'  
receiver = '***'  
subject = 'python email test'  
smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'  
username = '***'  
password = '***'  

msg = MIMEText('你好','text','utf-8')#中文需参数‘utf-8',单字节字符不需要  
msg['Subject'] = Header(subject, 'utf-8')  

smtp = smtplib.SMTP()  
smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')  
smtp.login(username, password)  
smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())  
smtp.quit()  

 

HTML形式的邮件

 


#!/usr/bin/env python3
#coding: utf-8
import smtplib
from email.mime.text import MIMEText

 

sender = '***'
receiver = '***'
subject = 'python email test'
smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'
username = '***'
password = '***'

msg = MIMEText('<html><h1>你好</h1></html>','html','utf-8')

msg['Subject'] = subject

smtp = smtplib.SMTP()
smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')
smtp.login(username, password)
smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())
smtp.quit()

 

带图片的HTML邮件

 


#!/usr/bin/env python3
#coding: utf-8
import smtplib
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from email.mime.image import MIMEImage

 

sender = '***'
receiver = '***'
subject = 'python email test'
smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'
username = '***'
password = '***'

msgRoot = MIMEMultipart('related')
msgRoot['Subject'] = 'test message'

msgText = MIMEText('<b>Some <i>HTML</i> text</b> and an image.<br><img src="cid:image1"><br>good!','html','utf-8')
msgRoot.attach(msgText)

fp = open('h:\python\1.jpg', 'rb')
msgImage = MIMEImage(fp.read())
fp.close()

msgImage.add_header('Content-ID', '<image1>')
msgRoot.attach(msgImage)

smtp = smtplib.SMTP()
smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')
smtp.login(username, password)
smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msgRoot.as_string())
smtp.quit()

 

带附件的邮件


#!/usr/bin/env python3
#coding: utf-8
import smtplib
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from email.mime.image import MIMEImage

 

sender = '***'
receiver = '***'
subject = 'python email test'
smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'
username = '***'
password = '***'

msgRoot = MIMEMultipart('related')
msgRoot['Subject'] = 'test message'

#构造附件
att = MIMEText(open('h:\python\1.jpg', 'rb').read(), 'base64', 'utf-8')
att["Content-Type"] = 'application/octet-stream'
att["Content-Disposition"] = 'attachment; filename="1.jpg"'
msgRoot.attach(att)

smtp = smtplib.SMTP()
smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')
smtp.login(username, password)
smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msgRoot.as_string())
smtp.quit()

 

群邮件

 


#!/usr/bin/env python3
#coding: utf-8
import smtplib
from email.mime.text import MIMEText

 

sender = '***'
receiver = ['***','****',……]
subject = 'python email test'
smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'
username = '***'
password = '***'

msg = MIMEText('你好','plain','utf-8')

msg['Subject'] = subject

smtp = smtplib.SMTP()
smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')
smtp.login(username, password)
smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())
smtp.quit()

 

各种元素都包含的邮件

 


#!/usr/bin/env python3
#coding: utf-8
import smtplib
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from email.mime.image import MIMEImage

 

sender = '***'
receiver = '***'
subject = 'python email test'
smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'
username = '***'
password = '***'

# Create message container - the correct MIME type is multipart/alternative.
msg = MIMEMultipart('alternative')
msg['Subject'] = "Link"

# Create the body of the message (a plain-text and an HTML version).
text = "Hi!nHow are you?nHere is the link you wanted:nhttp://www.python.org"
html = """
<html>
  <head></head>
  <body>
    <p>Hi!<br>
       How are you?<br>
       Here is the <a href="http://www.python.org">link</a> you wanted.
    </p>
  </body>
</html>
"""

# Record the MIME types of both parts - text/plain and text/html.
part1 = MIMEText(text, 'plain')
part2 = MIMEText(html, 'html')

# Attach parts into message container.
# According to RFC 2046, the last part of a multipart message, in this case
# the HTML message, is best and preferred.
msg.attach(part1)
msg.attach(part2)
#构造附件
att = MIMEText(open('h:\python\1.jpg', 'rb').read(), 'base64', 'utf-8')
att["Content-Type"] = 'application/octet-stream'
att["Content-Disposition"] = 'attachment; filename="1.jpg"'
msg.attach(att)

smtp = smtplib.SMTP()
smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')
smtp.login(username, password)
smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())
smtp.quit()

 

基于SSL的邮件

 


#!/usr/bin/env python3
#coding: utf-8
import smtplib
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from email.header import Header
sender = '***'
receiver = '***'
subject = 'python email test'
smtpserver = 'smtp.163.com'
username = '***'
password = '***'

 

msg = MIMEText('你好','plain','utf-8')#中文需参数‘utf-8',单字节字符不需要
msg['Subject'] = Header(subject, 'utf-8')

smtp = smtplib.SMTP()
smtp.connect('smtp.163.com')
smtp.ehlo()
smtp.starttls()
smtp.ehlo()
smtp.set_debuglevel(1)
smtp.login(username, password)
smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())
smtp.quit()

 



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