发布于 2014-08-09 22:26:42 | 88 次阅读 | 评论: 0 | 来源: 网友投递

这里有新鲜出炉的Python3 官方中文指南,程序狗速度看过来!

Python编程语言

Python 是一种面向对象、解释型计算机程序设计语言,由Guido van Rossum于1989年底发明,第一个公开发行版发行于1991年。Python语法简洁而清晰,具有丰富和强大的类库。它常被昵称为胶水语言,它能够把用其他语言制作的各种模块(尤其是C/C++)很轻松地联结在一起。


本文是用python编写实现的采集图片报纸的实例代码,其核心用到的技术就是采集.只不过采集下载的是图片并保存.感兴趣的同学参考下.

本文所述实例可以实现基于Python的查看图片报纸《参考消息》并将当天的图片报纸自动下载到本地供查看的功能,具体实现代码如下:

# coding=gbk
import urllib2
import socket
import re
import time
import os

# timeout in seconds
#timeout = 10
#socket.setdefaulttimeout(timeout)
timeout = 10
urllib2.socket.setdefaulttimeout(timeout)

home_url = "http://www.hqck.net"
home_page = ""
try:
  home_page_context = urllib2.urlopen(home_url)
  home_page = home_page_context.read()

  print "Read home page finishd."
  print "-------------------------------------------------"
except urllib2.URLError,e:
  print e.code
  exit()
except:
  print e.code
  exit()

reg_str = r'<a class="item-baozhi" href="/arc/jwbt/ckxx/d{4}/d{4}/w+.html" rel="external nofollow" ><span class.+>.+</span></a>'

news_url_reg = re.compile(reg_str)

today_cankao_news = news_url_reg.findall(home_page)

if len(today_cankao_news) == 0:
  print "Cannot find today's news!"
  exit()

my_news = today_cankao_news[0]
print "Latest news link = " + my_news
print

url_s = my_news.find("/arc/")
url_e = my_news.find(".html")
url_e = url_e + 5

print "Link index = [" + str(url_s) + "," + str(url_e) + "]"
my_news = my_news[url_s:url_e]
print "part url = " + my_news

full_news_url = home_url + my_news
print "full url = " + full_news_url
print

image_folder = "E:\new_folder\"

if (os.path.exists(image_folder) == False):
  os.makedirs(image_folder)
today_num = time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d',time.localtime(time.time()))
image_folder = image_folder + today_num + "\"
if (os.path.exists(image_folder) == False):
  os.makedirs(image_folder)
print "News image folder = " + image_folder
print

context_uri = full_news_url[0:-5]

first_page_url = context_uri + ".html"
try:
  first_page_context = urllib2.urlopen(first_page_url)
  first_page = first_page_context.read()
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
  print e.code
  exit()

tot_page_index = first_page.find("共")
tot_page_index = tot_page_index

tmp_str = first_page[tot_page_index:tot_page_index+10]
end_s = tmp_str.find("页")

page_num = tmp_str[2:end_s]
print page_num

page_count = int(page_num)
print "Total " + page_num + " pages:"
print

page_index = 1
download_suc = True
while page_index <= page_count:
  page_url = context_uri
  if page_index > 1:
    page_url = page_url + "_" + str(page_index)
  page_url = page_url + ".html"
  print "News page link = " + page_url

  try:
    news_img_page_context = urllib2.urlopen(page_url)
  except urllib2.URLError,e:
    print e.reason
    download_suc = False
    break
  
  news_img_page = news_img_page_context.read()

  #f = open("e:\page.html", "w")
  #f.write(news_img_page)
  #f.close()

  reg_str = r'http://imageS+jpg'
  image_reg = re.compile(reg_str)
  image_results = image_reg.findall(news_img_page)
  if len(image_results) == 0:
    print "Cannot find news page" + str(page_index) + "!"
    download_suc = False
    break
  
  image_url = image_results[0]

  print "News image url = " + image_url
  news_image_context = urllib2.urlopen(image_url)

  image_name = image_folder + "page_" + str(page_index) + ".jpg"
  imgf = open(image_name, 'wb')
  print "Getting image..."
  try:
    while True:
      date = news_image_context.read(1024*10)
      if not date:
        break
      imgf.write(date)
    imgf.close()
  except:
    download_suc = False
    print "Save image " + str(page_index) + " failed!"
    print "Unexpected error: " + sys.exc_info()[0] + sys.exc_info()[1]
  else:
    print "Save image " + str(page_index) + " succeed!"
    print
  page_index = page_index + 1

if download_suc == True:
  print "News download succeed! Path = "" + str(image_folder) + """
  print "Enjoy it! ^^"
else:
  print "news download failed!"


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